Andrew William Fairbairn1,2

(4 Oct 1828 - bet. Jun 1891 - Sep 1891)
FatherJohn Fairbairn3,4,5 (circa Aug 1799 - Dec 1848)
MotherJane Waddell4 (bet. 1796 - 1801 - aft. 1841)


     Andrew Fairbairn was born on 4 Oct 1828 Smailholm, ROX, SCT, John, carter in Smailholm and Jane WADDELL his wife had a son born 4 Oct bap 21 Dec 1828 called Andrew.4,5,6,7
     Andrew Fairbairn married Eliza Clarke on 23 Jan 1853 at the Par. Ch, Plumstead, KEN, ENG, cert. shows Andrew as 24 Bombardier R.A. resid. Sprays ?Brks?, s/o John FAIRBAIRN, corn dealer; Eliza as 22 resid. ?Bull Picton? d/o Wm CLARKE cabinet maker; Both signed; Wit: George & Hannah LAVER.8,3
     Andrew Fairbairn died bet. Jun 1891 - Sep 1891 reg. Sheffield, YKS, ENG; aged 62.9,10
With an eldest known son Robert, it had been suggested that John marr. to Jane WADDELL, may be the 1799 John son of Robert & Elizabeth (Crosbie) Fairbairn, although this identification puts John slightly on the young side to have married in 1817, and is rather later than the 1795-ish date we now (Apr 2014) have.
Against this identification was the death/burial of a John FAIRBAIRN of East Third in 1832, two entries after assumed father Robert's.

Another suggestion has been the John baptised Smailholm to Robert and Agnes (WRIGHT) Fairbairn.
However, that John was baptised in 1782, which is a bit far the other way from the age given in the 1841 census (assuming a correct identification, and accurate age of course!)

Although we have not (yet?) found yDNA evidence to (dis)prove the id, we do have some, admittedly circumtantial, autosomal DNA matches to aid the identification, sufficiently for Robert and Elizabeth's family to be revised and John marr. to Jane WADDELL included.

Wonder who the John buried in 1832 was?

The DNA connections:
John and Jane had a dtr Christian Nisbet Fairbairn who marries James Fairbairn (not yet found to be related).
A descendant has a predicted 3rd cousin match with a descendant of Isabella (marr. to George Walker), dtr of Robert and Elizabeth (Crosbie) Fairbairn's son James.
But the DNA matches would be 5th cousins, and share too much DNA for that to be likely.

========== (below to be reviewed for relevance)
Coldstream features in the families below.

The John married to Jane WADDELL had sons Robert (1818, Eckford), John (1824, Linton) and Andrew (1828, Smailholm) about whom nothing further was postively known.
Andrew is now fully believed to have married Eliza CLARKE (Plumstead 1853), which id has been further confirmed after finding a better 1851 census for him showing his birth place as Smailholm, rather than the Woolwich barracks Andrew who was recorded as born Church Hill, Berwickshire.

In addition a potential candidate has now (Nov 2011) been found for son John, also in the military. He is assumed to have married Helen ROSS (Coldstream 1842).
Circumstantial evidence for the prosecution includes the 1841 census which has likely candidates for both Andrew and John in Eccles, Andrew at Stable Birgham and John, as FREEBAIRN, with future wife Ellen/Helen at Cloverhall.

By 1851 Andrew is with brother George in the Royal Artillery Barracks in Leeds, but John yet to be found.
There is also a likely "cousin" marriage between descendants of John & Helen's sons John and James.

With daughter Christian Nisbet FAIRBAIRN also marrying a FAIRBAIRN (James, son of Ralph FAIRBAIRN & Helen CROW), perhaps there is a connection to that family?

As always, we would love to solve such puzzles if at all possible by calling on DNA evidence.
The best option is to find a willing direct male line FAIRBAIRN to to join the Fairbairn Surname DNA Project and undertake at least a Y-DNA37 test (but preferably Y-DNA67 for consistency with other project members).
The other option, less direct, but all helping piece together families more accurately, would be for autosomal dna testing of any descendants, this being the FamilyFinder test which can also be ordered via the project.11,5,12,13 Initially, the 1851 census entry in the Woolwich Artillery Barracks of an Andrew aged 19 and born Church Hill Berwick, was thought to be the Andrew later married to Eliza CLARKE.
Subsequent findings of the 1851 census entry (on FindMyPast, but not yet found on ancestry) of Andrew and George, aged 20 and 19, both born Smailholm, in the Leeds Cavalry Barracks fits much better with the Andrew, and brother George, sons of John & Jane (WADDELL) FAIRBAIRN, with Andrew being the one marrying Eliza CLARKE, given that the marriage cert. says his father was a John.
The Woolwich Artillery Barracks Andrew, aged 19, born Church Hill, which upon translation to Kirkhill, Legerwood, becomes the Andrew son of shepherd George & Margaret (LOUGH/LOCK) FB, who have a son Andrew, born 1831 at Boon Mill, Legerwood, unacounted for in Scotland after the 1841 census, Boon Mill being near Kirkhill (and now, Dec 2011, proven to be this Andrew by his marriage cert. showing his father as George FAIRBAIRN, shepherd.5,14,15


     Andrew Fairbairn appeared on the census of 1841 Stable for Birgham, Par. of Eccles, BEW, SCT, with Christina Fairbairn, as hsehold of ag labs incl: FAIRBAIRN: Andw 12, Christer 20 both ag labs b BEW (NB enumerators were instructed to round ages down to the nearest multiple of 5.)16
     Andrew Fairbairn appeared on the census of 1851 at the Royal Artillery Cavalry Barracks, Leeds, WRY, ENG, with George Fairbairn, enumerated as FAIRBAIRN: Andrew 20, George 19, both Gunner R I Horse Artillery, labourer, scholar, b Smailholm (assumed to be brothers, children of John & Jane (WADDELL) FAIRBAIRN.)5,17
     Andrew Fairbairn was shown as the head of the household in the census of 1861 Rayland Tce, Western Super Mere, Dist of Axbridge, SOM, ENG, with Eliza enumerated as FAIRBAIRN: Andrew 30 Private Royal artillery b SCT; wife Eliza 27 b Pyrton, Oxfordshire; Dtr Edith J 1 b Woolwich, KEN; Servant COOMBES.18
     The census of 1871 showed Andrew with his wife Eliza, their sons Edward and Arthur, their dtrs Edith and Selina at the Charlotte Tavern, Charlotte St, Sheffield, YKS, ENG, household enumerated as FAIRBAIRN: Andrew 42 drill master b SCT; wife Eliza 38 tavern keeper b Pyrton?, Oxon; Children: Edith Jane 11 b Woolwich, KEN; Selina Banage 8, Edward Evans 6 both b Newport, Monmouth; Arthur Smith 4 b Leeds, YKS; Visitors: Caroline E (42 widow dressmaker b SCT) and Flora (8 b Sheffield) WHITE.8
     The census of 1881 showed Andrew with his wife Eliza, their sons Edward and Arthur, their dtr Selina 48 Corbridge St, Byker, NBL, ENG, household enumerated as FAIRBAIRN: Andrew 52 policeman on N.E.R. (W.rail) b SCT; wife Eliza 48 b Pryton L.., Oxford; Children: Selina B 18 dressmaker, Edward E 16 porter on railway, both b Newport WLS; Arthur S 14 scholar b Leeds, YKS; (living next door to Alexander HENDERSON.)7
     Andrew Fairbairn was shown as the head of the household in the census of 1891 59 Doncaster Rd, Sheffield, YKS, ENG, with Eliza enumerated as FAIRBAIRN: Andrew 62 drayman b SCT; assumed wife (recorded as mother widowed!) Eliza 58 b Byrlow, OXF.9

DNA Info

     If the suggested identifications of John (marr. to Jane WADDELL), and their sons John and Andrew are correct, a representative from the family of John married to Helen ROSS, and from Andrew married to Eliza CLARKE may match the representative from the line of Andrew, son of Robert & Elizabeth (CROSBIE) FAIRBAIRN.11
     Andrew William's line needs a/another participant in the FAIRBAIRN Surname DNA Project. Check out the Wanted! page for further information.


     Andrew William Fairbairn is the subject(s) of a family history - click here for further information.1


Eliza Clarke (circa 1833 - aft. 1891)
  • Jesse Waddle Fairbairn19 (Jun 1854 - bet. Sep 1855 - Dec 1855)
  • Edith J Fairbairn18 (circa 1860 - )
  • William Henry Young Fairbairn+ (bet. Jun 1861 - Sep 1861 - Mar 1923); relationship initially assumed from William's birth location; id aided by William's marriage to sister of his bother Edward's wife, and subsequently by William's marriage and military record - although there is at least one other soldier Andrew FAIRBAIRN20,21,2,17
  • Selina B Fairbairn8 (circa 1863 - aft. 1881)
  • Edward Evans Fairbairn8 (bet. Sep 1864 - Dec 1864 - aft. 1911)
  • Arthur Smith Fairbairn7 (bet. Sep 1866 - Dec 1866 - 1932)
ChartsLineage 1b4b: Robert and Elizabeth (CROSBIE) Fairbairn
Wanted: John and Jane (Waddell) Fairbairn
Last Edited4 Jan 2013


  1. [S1961] Www FAIRBAIRN searches and miscellaneous correspondence by LornaHen (1) Family of Andrew William FAIRBAIRN (marr. Eliza CLARKE), tree of John G FAIRBIARN, updated 2006, online at…, extracted Nov 2011.
  2. [S2916] London Metropolitan Archives: Birth death marriage (filmed originals): , Marr. 7 Oct 1905 William Henry Young s/o Andrew William (soldier) FAIRBAIRN; Emma DAVIES d/o Josiah LIGHT, from Saint John The Evangelist, Lambeth, Register of marriages, P85/JNA3, Item 083 extracted Apr 2010.
  3. [S5] online at, Marr. 23 Jan 1853 Andrew s/o John FAIRBAIRN; Eliza d/o Wm CLARKE, Par. Ch, Plumstead, KEN, from London Metropolitan Archives, Saint Nicholas, Plumstead, Register of marriages, P97/NIC, Item 026, extracted Apr 2010.
  4. [S1961] Www FAIRBAIRN searches and miscellaneous correspondence by LornaHen (1) FAIRBAIRN/WADDELL, ex RootsWeb Roxburghshire Msge Board, posted Jun 2003, extracted Sep 2003.
  5. [S1599] Findmypast online at, 1851: Leeds, Yorkshire (West Riding), HO107/2320 Leeds Cavalry Barracks, F 1186 Pg 18, extracted Nov 2011.
  6. [S2] Lorna Henderson, "FAIRBAIRN Analysis", Oct 2010, updated Nov 2011.
  7. [S210] 1881 Census transcripts, UK, via Family Search/LDS CDs, Byker, NBL, hsehold of Andrew & Eliza FAIRBAIRN, extracted Oct 2008.
  8. [S206] 1871 Census images, England & Wales, via, Sheffield, Sub Dist West Sheffield, YKS, RG10/4677; F 49; ED 11 Page: 10 Sched 61, hsehold of Andrew & Eliza FAIRBAIRN, extracted Oct 2008.
  9. [S211] 1891 Census images, England & Wales, via, Par. St Phillip, Sheffield, Sub Dist Nth Sheffield, YKS, RG12/3817 ED 7 F 41 Pg 32 Sched 192, hsehold of Andrew & Eliza FAIRBAIRN, extracted Apr 2010.
  10. [S1595] Www FreeBMD ENG online at, Dth 1891 Q3 Andrew FAIRBAIRN, aged 62, reg. Sheffield, YKS 9c/231, extracted Apr 2010.
  11. [S2] Lorna Henderson, "FAIRBAIRN Analysis", Sep and Nov 2011.
  12. [S201] 1841 Census transcripts, Scotland, via, Coldstream, BEW Par. 733 ED 1 Pg 17 hsehold of John & Jane FAIRBAIRN, extracted Oct 2010.
  13. [S110] Scotlands People Index, "OPR Roxburghshire, Scotland, FAIRBAIRN Births 1538-1854", Birth/Bap.? 6 Jan 1782 John s/o Robert FAIRBAIRN & Agnes WRIGHT, Smailholm, ROX, 805/ 0010 0108, extracted from index May 2012.
  14. [S202] 1851 Census images, England & Wales, via, Woolwich Dockyard, Greenwich, KEN HO107/1588 ED Royal Artillery Barracks, F 415 Pg 10, extracted Apr 2010, copy d/loaded Dec 2011.
  15. [S2124] GenesReunited online at, Marr. 5 Mar 1858 Andrew FAIRBAIRN & Mary KEILLOR, Strand, LND, 1b/451, from Adrienne , certified copy, dated 18 Jun 1976, rcvd Dec 2011.
  16. [S201] 1841 Census transcripts, Scotland, via, Stable for Birgham, Eccles, BEW Par. 737 ED 5 Pg 2 hsehold of James DOUGLAS, extracted Apr 2010.
  17. [S2] Lorna Henderson, "FAIRBAIRN Analysis", Nov 2011.
  18. [S204] 1861 Census images, England & Wales, via, Weston Super Mere, Sub Dist Banwell, Dist of Axbridge, SOM RG9/1672 F 71 ED 9 Pg 12 Sched 282 hsehold of Andrew & Eliza FAIRBAIRN, extracted Oct 2008.
  19. [S2153] Various, BDM Certified copy, Birth 6 Jun 1854 Jesse Waddle s/o Andrew FAIRBAIRN & Eliza CLARKE, Woolwich Dockyard, Greenwich, KEN, copy rcvd Jan 2013.
  20. [S1599] Findmypast online at, Service Record 2 Jun 1877 (Newcastle on Tyne or Sheerness) 31 Dec 1898 (Kilmarnock) William s/o Andrew FAIRBAIRN, #1969, born 1858 Weston Super Mere, Axbridge, SOM, from British Army Service Records 1760-1915, extracted Nov 2011.
  21. [S1595] Www FreeBMD ENG online at, Birth 1861 Q3 William Henry Young FAIRBAIRN, reg. Axbridge, SOM 5c/634, extracted Apr 2010.
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